Liberica coffee is an exquisite species of flowering plant in the Rubiaceae family that is grown and processed in its native home of Liberia. This one-of-a-kind specialty coffee is known to possess a bold flavor with intense aromas, providing an enjoyable cup for even the most discerning palates.
Unfortunately, Liberica coffee beans remain rare and hard to find on a global market because of the difficult production process; yet, those who have had a taste of it won’t forget its unique character and complexity. As cultivation continues to grow, this special variety will provide an ever more appreciated experience for coffee connoisseurs the world over, something that lovers of great coffee cannot wait for!
Origins of Liberica Coffee
The origin story of liberica coffee starts in Liberia where it was first discovered. From there, it spread to Uganda and Angola before eventually making its way to the Philippines, Indonesia, Seychelles, the Andaman & Nicobar Islands and Malaysia.
Of these countries, liberica coffee is primarily grown in Malaysia, The Philippines and Indonesia. This explains why the three countries have been at the forefront in promoting this special variety of coffee.
It is interesting to note that each country has an individualistic approach when it comes to how they grow this variety of coffee. For instance, while Malaysia tends to focus on cultivating Liberica for commercial usage, Indonesia prioritizes growing it as an organic product with minimal use of chemicals or agrochemicals.
Production Process of Liberica Coffee
Growing liberica coffee requires specific soil requirements for optimal production which includes acidic pH levels and good moisture retention capacity. In addition to having suitable soil conditions for growth, liberica also needs ample sunlight exposure for photosynthesis and adequate water supply during harvesting seasons.
When all these environmental conditions are met simultaneously then only can liberica be successfully cultivated with desirable yields.
Liberica Coffee Taste Notes
Liberica has a distinct flavor profile which makes it stand out from other types of coffees like Arabica or Robusta varieties; its flavor notes range from chocolatey sweetness (after being roasted) all the way up to fruity spiciness when brewed properly – depending on what roast level you choose!
This makes it a great choice for those who are looking for something different than their usual cup o’ Joe but don’t want anything too bold or overpowering either! Some people have even compared drinking liberical singularly brewed cups as having a similar experience they would get while tasting wines made out of grapes whose flavors vary based on regionally grown sources like Merlot vs Cabernet Sauvignon etc..
The aroma notes associated with this type include nutty undertones which can be detected through proper extraction methods when done correctly, i.e. French press method etc.. One could also pick up hints of woodiness upon inhaling deeply near freshly ground beans prior/during brew process depending on roast level chosen by user as well!
Harvesting liberica beans
Harvesting liberica beans from plantations or farms in any part of the world you need to be careful about not damaging the plant or pods as this will impact their quality significantly. Beans must be handpicked as machines may end up breaking them due to their fragile nature during harvesting season which could result in poor cup quality after brewing them at home or at a café/restaurant location.
In order to harvest Coffea liberica, you need some essential tools such as a pickaxe or shovel, pruning shears or hedge trimmers, burlap bags or baskets for collecting the ripe fruits, and gloves for protecting your hands from thorns and sharp edges when handling branches and leaves during pruning.
Once these tools are ready, you can start harvesting by cutting off ripe fruits from branches using shears or hedge trimmers, then collect them using burlap bags or baskets. Afterward, it’s time to separate cherries from their stems by hand before drying them on raised beds for about four days in direct sunlight until they reach optimal moisture levels.
Unique Characteristics of Coffea liberica Among Other Coffee Varieties
Coffea liberica has some unique characteristics that makes it stand out from other varieties such as Arabica and Robusta. Knowing how best utilize this variety’s potential opportunities requires knowledge on harvesting techniques and careful consideration on how best utilize this variety’s potential opportunities worldwide.
For example, it has larger cherries than Arabica but smaller than Robusta; similarly-sized beans but with an unusual shape; and much larger leaves compared to other types of coffee trees due to its tropical origin – which also means that its yield per hectare is much lower than other varieties due to increased shading caused by larger leaves blocking each other’s sunlight exposure.
This type of coffee tree produces large cherries with two seeds inside – which are referred to as “beans” – that have an unusual shape compared to other varieties. The beans themselves have a distinctive flavor with low acidity and strong body, making them popular among coffee drinkers around the world.
Furthermore, it has a high caffeine content like Robusta but with significantly lower acidity levels than Arabica – making it a great choice for those who want a robust yet mellow cup of joe!
Coffea liberica is one of the two species in the coffea family that are native to Africa. It is an evergreen shrub or tree that grows up to 20 meters in height with leathery, glossy leaves and clusters of small white flowers.
Caffeine Content in Liberica Beans
Liberica beans have the lowest concentration of caffeine out of all three major coffee cultivars at 1.23 g/100g compared to Arabica’s 1.61 g/100g and Robusta’s 2.26g/100g. This makes them an ideal option for those looking to reduce their caffeine intake while still enjoying a cup of joe.
Price of Liberica Coffee Beans
Due to its rarity, regular liberica beans are generally more expensive than other varieties. However, there are some stores that offer specialty products like wild-grown liberica beans that can be more reasonably priced. Additionally, many specialty cafes now carry liberica blends which may often be cheaper than buying the beans whole.
The Failure of Liberica Coffee
Liberica coffee is the third most widely planted species of coffee, after Arabica and Robusta. It is grown in countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam, India, and the Philippines. Despite its wide production, Liberica has not been able to gain significant traction in the global market due to a variety of reasons. Let’s take a look at why it failed before discussing its renewed interest.
Inappropriate Selection of Material for Global Dissemination
One of the main reasons why Liberica coffee failed was due to an inappropriate selection of material for global dissemination. The majority of Liberica beans that were exported had low yields and were of poor quality compared to their Arabica counterparts. This meant that they could not compete in terms of price or flavor with other varieties on the international market. As a result, buyers simply weren’t interested in them as much as they were with coffees from other origins.
Low Yield Compared to Other Varieties
Another factor that led to the failure of Liberica coffee was its low yield compared to other varieties like Arabica and Robusta. This meant that producers were unable to get the same amount of beans from a given area when compared to their competitors. This further drove down the price point for Liberica beans which made them even less attractive from a buyer’s perspective.
Discrepancy in Quality Standards Between Producers and Consumers
Finally, there was also a discrepancy between what producers considered good quality coffee beans and what consumers expected from specialty coffee shops and roasters around the world. Producers often shipped out lower grade coffee which did not meet consumer standards which further pushed buyers away from purchasing this type of bean altogether.
The renewed interest in Liberica Coffee
Despite the previous challenges there has been a renewed interest in this variety recently due to its popularity among specialty coffee shops and roasters across the world as well as resurgence of Excelsa variants across the entire supply chain. Ultimately, this could lead to improved prospects for Liberica on the international market if it is properly managed by producers and buyers alike going forward.